Diamond Cuts and Shapes
Diamonds come in a wide spectrum of shapes and cuts, and the terms “cut” and “shape” are often used interchangeably. A diamond’s shape can depend on how it was mined and certain shapes accent the natural radiance and brilliance better than others, depending on the stone. A diamond’s cut can vary within each categorical shape as well. For example, a round shaped diamond can be a cushion, radiant or brilliant cut. The cut pertains to the faceting of the diamond to either bring out its natural qualities or play down its flaws.
Round Cut Diamond
The round cut diamond is the most popular diamond shape accounting for almost 80% of all diamonds on the market. The structure and shape is superior to fancy shapes because it maximizes the reflective angles of light, increasing brightness and brilliance over any other cut viewed under similar conditions.
Princess Cut Diamond
The most popular shape for fancy diamonds, the princess cut has become a favorite for engagement rings. The brilliance and forgiving cut are highly desirable for most budgets and flexible enough to accommodate a large variety of ring styles.
Emerald Cut Diamond
Increasingly popular and in demand, the emerald cut diamond has clear pavilion step cuts and a broad, open table. Emerald cut diamonds produce a drawing-in effect instead of the radiant sparkle of a brilliant cut diamond, with a contrast of light and dark. Inclusions or body color are easier more visible in an emerald cut diamond.
Oval Cut Diamond
The oval diamond is a variation on a brilliant-cut diamond (the most popular cut for a round diamond). Both round and oval diamonds have similar brilliance and effect. Oval cut diamonds are more elongated and can create the illusion of larger size.
Asscher Cut Diamond
A cleanly faceted cut diamond that brings out a shallower table. The asscher cut diamond is similar to the emerald cut, but is square in shape with larger step facets, a higher crown, and a smaller table. This generally makes an asscher more brilliant than an emerald cut. An asscher cut provides a clear view into the center of the stone and will make any inclusions clearly visible. Best for an H Color or better.
Marquise Cut Diamond
The marquise cut diamond is an oblong variation of the brilliant-cut. The marquise diamond is long and narrow and creates the illusion of larger size. For the carat weight, the marquise diamond has one of the largest surface areas of any diamond shape maximizing the perceived size.
Pear Cut Diamond
The pear cut diamond is a teardrop shape that has a round or oval shape on half the facet pattern while the other half resembles a marquise with the sides tapering to a point. The pear shape is a combination of the round and marquise brilliant cuts and may have the standard pattern of brilliant cut facets, but can be cut with varying facets of the pavilion.